koty syberyjskie
szczecińska hodowla syberyjskich kotów
hodowla syberyjskich kotów

Classic Siberian Cat (SIB)

o syberyjskich kotach First records about Siberian cat, which is a native forest cat originating from rugged Siberia, appeared about the year 1000.This cat can even survive in the most difficult conditions. The man hasn’t practically had any influence in creation of this breed-it came into existence naturally, without a human interference. Until today these animals sustain frigidity well and they can ask to go outside (or at a balcony) in winter. The demise of communism and opening of the borders to the world had its importance also for cats. It turned out that communistic Soviet mice didn’t have an idyllic life in villages and also had their primeval enemy in the shape of a cat. And not just any. Siberian Cat, like this untouched by the hand of a breeder race was called, is a big medium long fur cat with the typical forest appearance. In Soviet Russia it was unthinkable to breed pedigree animals and this saved this beautiful creature from degeneration. By the phenotype Siberian Cat is like Norwegian Forest Cat and American Maine Coon.

In Poland breeding of Siberian Cats started in 1990.They arrived here in the same year as they got to USA with Russian immigrants from Moscow and St.Petersburg. The interesting thing is that the first Siberian which came to America (June 1990) had certificates for birds, on which somebody wrote by hand that the animals which were exported from Russia were cats.

Siberian cat is muscular and strong but a bit smaller than its American ‘cousin’. Males are definitely bigger that females. They grow slowly and reach full dimensions after even 5 years. The weight of females approaches 5 kilograms, males -7 kg but there also occur individuals weighing 8-10kg.The body of Siberian is slightly elongated, strong built with big paws and characteristic tufts of hair between claws. The jaw is rounded. The nose is long, slightly raised but without a hollow at the base. Strong forehead harmonizes with the shape of a head. Big oval eyes are slightly slanting and wide set.

In comparison to other similar races it is noticeable that Maine Coon cats are firmer and more angular and Norwegian Forest cats are longer and slimmer. The colour of eyes should be plain and it’s often green or amber. The ears are medium size, bent to the front, a bit crowned and wide set. The tops of them should be rounded and often finished with strands of longer hair.

Siberian has a fur typical for all forest cats. Medium long coat is strong and delicately touches the body. Dense and soft undercoat adds the cat furriness and softness in touch . Such fur enables these cats to live in cold and rough climate. Typical feature for this breed are downy ‘trousers’ on back legs, abundant ‘bib’ on the chest and densely haired tail. Fur on a neck and shoulders can be a bit shorter but on the back is strong and very thick.

The colour of the cat is similar to Maine Coon and Norwegian forest cats. They mostly appear in natural colours of agouti in all types of tabby, tortie, black, red, blue, cream silver, etc. Like other forest cats they can also be found with a lot of white. Siberian, as one of the few natural breed cannot be crossbred with any other races.

In 1991 both in Europe and America Siberian Cat as a new, experimental and not widely known breed has been registered and, by the way, sobriquet ‘forest’, which at the beginning was in the name of the breed, has been crossed out, too. The first organization that allowed Siberian to gain titles of champion and recognized them as "full" breed, was American TICA on 1 May 1997. FIFE did the same in January 1998 and we already have in our country some cats with high titles of champion.

Source: Cyclopaedia of cats.

Neva Masquarade (NEM)

o Neva Masquarade Neva Masquarade is a colour variety of Siberian. This cat distinguishes with marks and blue eye colour typical for Siamese. Neva can be met with many marks and colours but they are always unique and rare. Siberian cats with Neva marks are a result of a big breeding programme conducted from 1960 in catteries of Russian cat lovers club from Petersburg (TARC). Through selections of kittens in litters of Siberian cats they managed to gather the relevant number of cats with Neva marks to start breeding a new race. The name to the breed gave the river Neva flowing in Petersburg, the town once famous of mask balls (masquerades). The majority of breeding federations regard Neva Masquarade as a Siberian Cat and not all of them take Neva for a separate breed.

The history of the breed has been originated from XVII century, where Siamese cats were kept on Russian courts. After finishing of the fashion for these cats, Siamese got wild and conveyed their genes to domestic cats moping around, also to Siberian among others. Despite a proper selection and matches, some of American catteries reported litters of Siberian cats, among which kittens with Neva marks appeared, too. The kittens with marks were also found among cats originating from first Siberian brought to USA in 1990. However, the standard for this breed established later, excluded these beautiful blue-eyed cats. This was a huge injustice! Soon breeders from USA were attracted by Neva Masquarade and after a long correspondence with the President ‘The Aboriginal Russian Cat Club ‘ (TARC) associated in TICA their efforts effected in sending to America a few cats of this new breed in February 1997. First kittens in USA were born in Willowbrook’s cattery in February 1998. All eight kittens from this litter grew up to healthy and good-looking cats and were presented on cat shows organized by TICA and CFF as NBC’s or AOV’s. The catkin Uliana of Comrade blue seal point won many prizes and distinctions on CFF’s cat shows. Bur farther development of this breed depends on the import of next cats from Russia which will refresh the gene pool. Much has been done in this matter by Olga and Aleksey from TARC club who search for the next cats of this beautiful breed in Russian catteries and send them to the USA.

Siberian cat reached West Europe in 1990 and great lovers and promoters of them were German. First Nevas came to Poland in the second half of 1990s of the last century and first kittens were born surprising their breeder, in 1999 in the cattery of classic Siberian cats with natural colours.

It turned out later that parents of the kittens had ancestors with Neva marks. Unfortunately, because of the mixture of genes, Neva Masquarade weren`t accepted by international feline federation FIFE for a long time. They could be shown on cat shows and get notes but they couldn’t gain any titles. Other feline organizations treated them as one of many colour varieties of Siberian Cat. Instead, FIFE didn’t want to accept Neva as a cat of natural breed, where Siberian belongs to. The problem was solved on 30.05.2008. on the General Meeting of FIFE in Smokowiec in Slovakia and from 01.01.2009. FIFE initially recognized Neva Masquarade (NEM) as a new breed – sister breed of Siberian Cat. The most important thing is that the breed has been created without crossbreeding with other races but through selection of kittens from many catteries.

Source: Cyclopaedia of cats.

Character and temperament

o Neva Masquarade Siberian cats are lively and impulsive but friendly and emotional in the same time. They are not aggressive, they don’t tend to destroy things if only there is a cat scratcher at home. Sensitive, curious, they easily adopt to new conditions and tolerate journeys well. They could be very talkative, they enjoy communicating with the owner, often ‘coo’, but all the sounds they make are quiet and nice to hear. In a family this cat is warm-hearted and sociable although not strident. It stands out from other races with its character being a mixture of fineness, grace and inborn intelligence.

Typical for Siberian is also the fact, that in spite of domestication and the need of being close to the man, there is still something wild and primeval in its personality. Neglected for a long time and bored, they can seek for new thrills in not a necessarily wanted way. So it’s much better to devote them some time or give a present such as a dog or another cat. Siberian like to live in groups. They can also live together with other animals, like miniature rabbits, guinea pigs or dogs. They quickly attach to people and become real members of a family, taking an active part in its life. They usually choose one person to listen to and love faithfully and unconditionally.

These cats like children and having fun with them, they are patient and very friendly for them, loyal and curious, too. They often follow their owner all around the house, watching not to miss anything interesting. They love climbing and jumping, especially resting on high shelves and cupboards. They are great hunters, they won’t let any insect go. Most likely inhabitants of Siberia used them to guard houses, because they could react when they saw a stranger coming. They also welcome visitors running quickly to the door when they hear the bell ringing. Water is not an obstacle for them, because in natural conditions they had to paddle in reservoirs very often. So they will always be attracted by a bath filled with water, some will even paddle in the remains after the bath.

Care of Siberian Cat

Looking after Siberian’s coat is not troublesome, because it doesn’t tend to tangle, maybe except underarm fur and some places around the groin. It’s enough to groom the cat once in a few days with a thick comb, which removes dead hair and activates living to grow. Claws should be cut and ears should be cleaned once a month. State of teeth should be checked by a veterinary doctor.

Cat allergy sufferers friendly!

In cat’s saliva there is a protein called FEL D-1. When the cat licks itself , the protein dries on fur and small particles of it cannot be catch by air filters. According to American scientists Siberian Cat doesn’t have FEL D-1, so its fur doesn’t cause allergy.